Why Zoos Are Bad For Animals

Zoos are a place where animals from around the world are kept. Animals are taken from their natural habitat where there are naturally existing food sources and enemies, and placed inside of a cage that keeps out all of animals and consists of only a small percentage of the naturally occurring flora and fauna to which the animal is accustomed. With no natural predators or food sources to hunt, many animals will lose their natural instincts, which are necessary for survival. This prevents reintegration into the animal kingdom and leaves them sentenced for life in a zoo.

When animals are taken from their natural habitat, they are placed in secluded cages where their natural habitat is recreated, to the best of the zoo’s abilities. However, certain aspects such as ambient temperature in an animal’s natural habitat cannot be recreated perfectly. Animals live around the world for a reason. The main reason is that their natural habitat is associated with a particular climate and eco system, one which is reliant upon all of the natural plants and animals who also share that habitat. Nocturnal animals are those who sleep during the day and forage during the night. When nocturnal animals are taken from their natural habitat and placed inside of a zoo, with standard day time operating hours, it can be incredibly difficult for the animals to maintain their normal sleeping and activity plans due to a high rate of traffic often banging on their cage or calling to them during the day.

A cage in a zoo cannot recreate the whole of an animal’s native environment. Some flora and fauna are native to specific regions around the world and cannot be transplanted. This means that animals that typically get their nutrients from one plant may not have access to that plant inside of their zoo cage. The zoo will give them nutrients in other forms, but this is still altering the natural selection process of the animal kingdom.

In addition, without any natural predators or animals to hunt, animals kept in cages in a zoo lose their natural survival instincts and ability to hunt in the wild. This forever prevents them from being reintroduced into the animal kingdom. Left in a cage for the rest of their life, many zoo animals only have their mate and perhaps a few other herd members in their shared facility, which leaves them lonely for companionship that would naturally exist in the wild.