Foundations Of Psychology
The foundations of psychology are essentially the understanding of basic human nature. We need to have this basic understanding in order to foster good relationships and communication skills. When discussing psychology, you will also likely discuss the brain’s neurons and how they function and interact with each other. You will likely discuss, in detail, mood and personality disorders, stress and what happens that makes certain people able to handle more stress than others. Psychology looks into the deepest parts of the functional brain. Biology and culture combine to form opinions, interactions and ways of handling things. We consider this psychology.
There are 8 schools of thought in psychology, or 8 different ways of studying the human biorhythm. The first two are structuralism and functionalism. Edward Titchener who was, for a time, a student of Wilhelm Wundt discovered structuralism. The other schools of thought are; behaviorism, humanistic psychology, Gestalt psychology, psychoanalysis, and cognitive psychology.
One of psychology’s greatest philosophers was Dr. Sigmund Freud. Dr. Freud proposed that a person’s actions are an outward showing of way their inward thoughts and feelings. He believed that most of this happens in the person’s unconscious, or subconscious mind; and that sometimes, our mind will fight within itself to make decisions and act. When these inward actions start to show outwardly as processes, we assume that the person has a psychological disorder.
Psychology classes and education will likely put a large amount of focus on the way humans process information. In order to understand how decisions are made, you will look at how people perceive information. Why does one person enjoy brussel sprouts and another not? Psychology looks at the answers to this as well as other human processes. Psychology explores the science behind dreams as well. While a person is asleep, their mind is wide awake. This is where dreams come from. Understanding the science behind why certain images make their way into your dreams and not others is the business of psychology.
Psychology’s 8 schools of thought do not generally fit one person specifically every time. When studying the schools of thought, you may find that only one of them speaks to you and describes you're personal psychology. Others may find that more than one school of thought fits their way of thinking. It is fun to think about the way you're brain works and to try to discover more about the way other people’s brains work as well.
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